According to historians, the town's name is an evolution of the Ilocano term balon, which means "packed lunch", or in Tagalog, baon.
In a traditional story, which now plays an important role in the town's history, the area was originally owned by a Spaniard named Don Salvador. It was told that he instructed his men to put up crude wooden fences along the property to establish his ownership. During the course of their work, Don Salvador's men used to have their lunch and rest under Camachile trees located in the center of the land mainly due to its breezy shades.
Time came when Don Salvador offered his pastureland to several immigrants from Ilocos. When they asked Don Salcador how they were going to find the said land, the owner answered: "It is the place where people bring their balon to eat". Hence the term Binnalonan, which in Ilocano means “a place where people bring and eat their baon”, was born. At present, the town is called Binalonan while its people are known as Binalonians.
Ilocano herdsmen and laborers composed the first town which was founded in 1838, in San Felie, which was later transferred to Santa Catalina, then returned to the present site.
"Most Beautiful and Cleanest Philippine Town"
Binalonan was awarded "The Most Beautiful and Cleanest Town in the Philippines (1968).. Aside from this medal, the town claimed the prizes: “Most Beautiful Plaza and Parks", the “Urban Model Community” and “Outstanding Community Development Model”.
Binalonan Rock Garden defines the town with majestic century-old acacia trees guarding the walking pavements, benches, Balikbayan Hall, basketball court and the mystic pathway towards the historic Sto. Nino Parish Church. The town's religious treasure is a veritable landmark of Christian faith, social service and Spanish colonial architectural legacy.
Transparency and Good Governance
With Mayor Ramon “Mon-Mon” V. Guico, III’s vision and foresight, his management skills, his emphasis on proper planning, his confidence in people empowerment, his firm stance on accountability, all these resulted in major awards and citations, like the Seal of Good Housekeeping in 2012 and Champion CLUP in 2013. With excellent fiscal management, Binalonan has, for the first time, broken the one hundred million income barrier by approving ONE HUNDRED FOUR MILLION PESOS (Php 104,000,000.00) annual budget for the fiscal year of 2013. Thus, more projects will be mounted in the near future.